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盘点 | 全球各地那些令人惊叹的自然景象

来源:Photos

马尾瀑布,美国约塞米蒂国家公园

每年二月的这几天,美国加利福尼亚州约塞米蒂国家公园的马尾瀑布就会变成明亮的橙色,远看像熔岩般倾泻而下。这种景象仅发生在一年中的这几天,因为这一时段来自夕阳的光线能以正确的角度反射在瀑布上,才形成了这个令人着迷的景象。

For a few days each February, Horsetail Falls in Yosemite National Park, California, U.S., turns bright orange, resembling molten lava pouring down the cliffs. This only occurs during this time of the year, as light from the setting sun reflects on the waterfall at just the right angle, leading to this mesmerizing view.
幻灯片 21 - 1: Horsetail Falls in Yosemite National Park, CA 
Stephanie Hager - HagerPhoto

马拉开波湖,委内瑞拉

创造了世界上最高频率的闪电记录,卡塔通博闪电是一种令人惊叹的天气现象。每年大约有140到160个晚上,大量的暴风云聚集在卡他通博河上,从那里流入马拉开波湖。此外,该区域还创造了闪电一小时280次的闪电记录。这一自然现象被认为是吹过湖面和周围沼泽平原的风所造成的,被外界称为“马拉开波灯塔”。

Registering the world’s highest frequency of lightning, the Catatumbo lightning is a stunning weather phenomenon. Between 140 to 160 nights each year, a mass of storm clouds gathers over the Catatumbo River, where it empties into Lake Maracaibo, and lightning streaks across the area, sometimes up to 280 times in an hour. Believed to be a result of the winds blowing across the lake and the surrounding swampy plains, the phenomenon is popularly known as the “Lighthouse of Maracaibo.”
幻灯片 21 - 2: Lightning strikes over Lake Maracaibo in the village of Congo Mirador, where the Catatumbo River feeds into the lake, in the western state of Zulia October 22, 2014. This year the Catatumbo Lightning was approved for inclusion in the 2015 edition of Guinness World Records, dethroning the Congolese town of Kifuka as the place with the world's most lightning bolts per square kilometer each year at 250. Scientists think the Catatumbo, named for a river that runs into the lake, is normal lightning that just happens to occur far more than anywhere else, due to local topography and wind patterns. Picture taken with long exposure October 22, 2014. REUTERS/Jorge Silva (VENEZUELA - Tags: SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY)

达尔瓦扎天然气火山口,土库曼斯坦

达尔瓦陨石坑一度被称为“地狱之门”,顾名思义即夜幕降临时会看到夜空中燃烧的火焰。它是一个天然气陨石坑,形成于1971年,当时陨石落入地球砸向该地。地质学家将其点燃,以此确保甲烷气体不被扩散,从那时起它就会燃烧了。 

The Darvaza Crater is sometimes called the "Door to Hell" and it's easy to see why when night falls and burning flames are seen against the night sky. It is a natural gas crater that formed in 1971 when the gas field above it collapsed into the earth. Geologists lit it on fire so methane gas wouldn't spread and it has been alight ever since.
幻灯片 21 - 3: Darvaza craeter called Hell's gate
Sergio Del Rosso Photography

亚伯拉罕湖,加拿大艾伯塔省

创建于1972年的位于北萨斯喀彻温河上的人工湖因其在水下形成的甲烷冻结气泡而闻名。湖水释放出甲烷气体,当它到达低温的水面时就会冻结。在冬季,随着天气变冷,冻结的气泡堆积在地表下方,形成独特的结构。 

Created in 1972, the artificial lake located on the North Saskatchewan River is known for frozen bubbles of methane that form under the water. The lake releases methane gas, which freezes as it reaches the colder surface of the water. During winter, as the weather gets colder, the frozen bubbles stack up below the surface, leading to the formation of unique structures.
幻灯片 21 - 4